Published: Friday, November 1, 2013
The American Herbal Products Association (AHPA) published a free primer on the import and export of species listed on the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).
CITES is a international agreement between 179 countries on specific requirements for the international trade of certain plant and animal species. These requirements are aimed at ensuring international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival.
AHPA published the "Primer on Importing and Exporting CITES-Listed Species Used in the United States in Dietary Supplements, Traditional Herbal Medicines, and Homeopathic Products" to help members and the herbal products industry understand the processes and practices that must be followed to comply with CITES requirements when importing and exporting species listed on CITES appendices.
"A number of AHPA members market products that contain species listed in one of the CITES Appendices," said AHPA President Michael McGuffin. "AHPA will continue to work with the CITES Plants Committee and the U.S. Fish Wildlife Service to promote sustainable harvest of CITES-listed species and to inform members and the industry about the latest CITES requirements."
The primer includes six sections:
Section 1: What is CITES? provides an overview of the history and purpose of CITES and a summary of decision making and enforcement policies.
Section 2: CITES-Listed Species in Commerce describes the identification of all the plant and animal species listed in CITES Appendices that are known to be in trade in the United States as ingredients in medicinal or therapeutic agents or as ingredients in dietary supplements.
Section 3: How CITES is Implemented in the United States provides an overview of how CITES is implemented in the United States and identifies which government agencies are responsible for its implementation and enforcement.
Section 4: Import, Export, or Re-export of a CITES-Listed Species details the steps required to import and export species listed on CITES Appendices. Information about permit processes for U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (FWS) and U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service is also included.
Section 5: Commonly Traded CITES-Listed Species presents a table of commonly-traded species that are listed in the CITES Appendices and in AHPA's Herbs of Commerce, 2nd ed., the Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia of the United States (HPUS), or in the current English edition of the Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China (PPRC).
Section 6: Supplemental Information and Sample Checklists provides contact information for the U.S. agencies responsible for the implementation of CITES and sources of additional information. It also contains sample checklists for basic import and export processes.
The CITES primer was created through the joint efforts of AHPA staff and members. Particular appreciation is due to Edward Fletcher of Strategic Sourcing Inc. Editorial review was provided in part by staff of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's International Affairs Program. Financial support was provided by the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation.
The Botanical Safety Handbook, Second Edition includes:
- Easily understood classification systems to indicate the safety of each listed species and the potential for drug interactions
- Information on adverse events reported in clinical trials or case reports
- Safety-related pharmacology and pharmacokinetics of each herb
- Additional information on the use of herbs by pregnant or lactating women
- Toxicological studies and data on toxic compounds
- Extensive references for each entry
The book is available in hardback print and online formats. Both versions contain the same information, but the online version, which is optimized for smartphones and tablets, has several additional attributes. Some of these relate to its operation, as it allows subscribers to search for keywords and botanical names and easily access the information they use most by saving personalized lists of entries. Perhaps more importantly, the online version will be updated regularly with new research, and subscribers will be notified of updates to provide immediate access to the most current information. The standard retail cost for either version is $119.95 (one-time cost in print; a renewable annual subscription online). We are discounting the cost for our members and would be happy to offer a discount to other organizations. A free preview of several entries are available online:
Subscribe to the online version or purchase a hardcover copy today. AHPA's Botanical Safety Handbook, Second Edition Print Version: 1,042 pages, revised edition published in 2013 AHPA's Botanical Safety Handbook, Second Edition Online
Member annual subscription: $95.00
Non-member annual subscription: $119.00 Discounts available for multiple user subscriptions.